Distribution of concurrent training sessions does not impact endurance adaptation
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Objectives: Optimized concurrent training regimes are warranted in physical training of military-, law enforcement- and rescue-personnel. This study investigated if four 15-min endurance training sessions weekly improve aerobic capacity and performance more than one 60-min endurance session weekly during the initial phase of a Basic Military Training program.
Design: A randomized training intervention study with functional and physiological tests before and after the intervention.
Methods: Military conscripts (n=290) were randomly allocated to three groups completing 9 weeks training. Weekly training consisted of four endurance and four strength training sessions lasting 15min each ('Micro-training': MIC); one strength and one endurance session lasting 60min each ('Classical-training': CLA) or two 60min sessions of standard military training ('Control-training': CON).
Results: Both 12-min (∼7-10%) and shuttle run performance (∼35-42%) improved (P≤0.001) similarly in all groups. Likewise, functional 2-min maximal repetition exercise capacity increased (P≤0.05) similarly in all groups (Lunges ∼17-24 %; PushUp ∼10-20%; AbdominalFlexions∼21-23%). Peak oxygen uptake changes depended on group (P≤0.05) with increases (P≤0.01) in MIC (7±7%, n=23) and CON (12±18%, n=17) and no changes in CLA. Maximal m. vastus lateralis citrate synthase activity decreased 14±26% (P≤0.001, n=18) in CLA. Likewise, maximal m. vastus lateralis 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity decreased 8±17% in MIC (n=28) and 14±24% in CLA (n=18).
Conclusions: Four 15-min endurance training sessions weekly improves running performance and strength-endurance similarly to one 60min session. Peak oxygen uptake only increases with more than one endurance session weekly and leg muscle oxidative capacity appears reduced after basic military training.
|Journal||Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
Copyright © 2020 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Faculty of Science - Low volume training, Training distribution, Capillaries, Metabolic enzyme activity, Military