Chemically acidified, live and heat-inactivated fermented dairy yoghurt show distinct bioactive peptides, free amino acids and small compounds profiles
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
- Nielsen et al_Food Chemistry_2022_Vol 376_e131919
Final published version, 2.99 MB, PDF document
Previous studies found variations in the health-promoting effects of consuming different dairy products. This study aims at investigating the chemical composition of microbial fermented yogurt, chemically acidified yogurt and whole milk to understand the differences in the effects these products exert on human health. For this purpose, peptides and small compounds present in the products were examined using a combination of liquid chromatography mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic techniques. Results revealed that each product had its own characteristic peptide, free amino acid and small compound profile, and database search for bioactivity disclosed that fermented yogurt manufactured using a starter culture is associated with a higher bioactivity potential than chemically acidified yogurt or whole milk. Additional cold storage (14 days) further enhances the bioactivity potential of fermented yogurt while heat-inactivation, ensuring long shelf-life, modulates the proteins available for proteolysis and thereby the peptide profile generated.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
Copyright © 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.
- Faculty of Science - Metabolites, Bioactive, Proteolysis, Starter cultures, Mass spectrometry, Extended shelf-life